Progressive, regulatory approaches to the problems of cities expanded during the New Deal in the s and during the War on Poverty in the s, but cost-cutting political movements in the s, s, and s reduced funding or eliminated many regulatory programs.
Streetcars helped fill up the empty space downtown where factories would have gone. However, residents in poor urban areas such as slums and informal settlements suffer "disproportionately from disease, injury, premature death, and the combination of ill-health and poverty entrenches disadvantage over time.
Professional police forces were created in the late 19th century to keep order and to protect property. Traffic control towers and traffic lights—the mechanical solution to a problem inspired by industrialization—also appeared for the first time during this era.
The movement to the more rural areas outside the central city areas is referred to as Urban sprawl, yet another of the effects of of Urbanization in America. In some regions where urbanization happens in wealthier areas, a rise in property crime and a decrease in violent crime is seen.
To meet rising demand for housing, homebuilders applied industrial principles to building—using standardized parts that were themselves the result of mass production techniques. Nor is it between foreign and national interests. The electrical and chemical industries formed the vanguard for the blending of science and the useful arts during this era.
The industrial focus of the American economy that gave rise to Big Business and Corporations who had money to invest in new industries Causes of Urbanization in America: Structural Steel and Skyscrapers While retail emporiums could be blocks long and only a few stories tall, other business rented space in thinner buildings built much higher.
The Bessemer Process lowered the cost of steel production and replaced cast iron. Increased immigration levels from Europe and the massive influx of immigrants to the cities Causes of Urbanization in America: City populations increased until the s. Even then, such skyscrapers had to be tapered; otherwise, the weight from the top floors could make the whole structure collapse.
People who moved from farms to cities desperately needed furniture for their new urban residences, but in industrial towns like Grand Rapids, Michigan, they could not afford pieces made by craftsman.
Living in cities permits individuals and families to take advantage of the opportunities of proximity and diversity. The method of building Skyscrapers used a grid of steel beams and columns that were strong enough to support this new form of tall buildings that shaped the architecture and skylines of the cities in America.
After Ford introduced the assembly line actually a series of assembly lines for every part of the carlabor productivity improved to such a degree that mass production became possible.
The assembly line moved work to the men rather than forcing men to move to the work, thereby saving valuable time and energy. Pedestrians died in gruesome traffic accidents.
Effects of Urbanization in America: By combining economic, environmental, and social sustainability, cities will become equitable, resilient, and more appealing than urban sprawl that overuses landpromotes automobile useand segregates the population economically.
Cities in the late 19th century were large, crowded, and impersonal places devoted to making money. Electric light even changed the way people lived inside their houses.
Each building is an almost complete city, often comprising within its walls, banks and insurance offices, post office and telegraph office, business exchanges restaurants, clubrooms and shops. Benefits of Urbanization in America The following table provides fast facts and a brief overview about the history and benefits of Urbanization in America: Machine Politics in cities based on bribery, corruption and unfair business practices Effects of Urbanization in America: Separation by class and neighborhoods Effects of Urbanization in America: The advent of cheap and readily available electricity had a particularly important effect upon the physical layout of American cities during this period.
Modern light in urban workplaces made office work easier by lessening strain on the eyes. The most noteworthy effect of high-quality, affordable lighting was the widespread practice of running factories twenty-four hours a day—which made them much more productive without any improvements in the technology of production.
Adjust that number for the growth in population over the same period, and it still multiplied seven times over. These often catered to a new middle class of white-collar employees in business and industry.Industrialization and Urbanization, Growth of Cities railroad center, railroad hub, Urban political machines, Social Gospel, large department stores As immigration exploded, the urban population surged from 6 million in to 42 million in Urbanization of America, Growth of Cities settlement house movement, sensational stories, corrupt officials, illegal alcohol, unintended effect Until the middle of the 19th century, the center of the city was the most fashionable place to live.
The Industrial Revolution changed labor patterns, wealth, material production and population distribution. The rise in industrial labor opportunities led to a population shift from rural areas to cities.
Before the industrial revolution, more than 80 percent of people lived in the country side. As. The growth machine theory of urban growth says urban growth is driven by a coalition of interest groups who all benefit from continuous growth and expansion.
Thus, the growth. Start studying The Transportation Revolution, Urbanization, Industrialization and Manufacturing (). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Video: Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems After the Civil War, America transformed from a rural nation to an urban nation.
Learn where all those.Download