Causes of the peloponnesian war essays

Corinthians unwavering in support of Corcyra It was obvious the Corinthians that Athenians were going to continue to stand by Corcyra.

Much later, Pericles more accurately states that "in the treaty there is no clause forbidding Thus Corinth represented strictly its own interests in regard to Corcyra.

The results of a nuclear war would be devastating....

However, when, in the second quarter of the fifth century, the real Persian threat virtually disappeared, Athens chose to pursue a policy of true self-interested imperialism. At the end of the war, however, Athens backed out from Greek mainland, due to an enormous attack by the Spartans.

The message was to remind Athens of their treaty and friendship and ask Athens not to get in their way against their enemy battles. Warner, Rex, and M. Annoyed and frustrated with Corcyra despicable actions, Corinthians put up an army and went after the allies of Corcyra.

As Martin puts it, The Spartan refusal to honor an obligation imposed by an oath amounted to sacrilege. This speech was a wake-up call for Spartans. The crisis at Epidamnus was brought into being by unilateral Corinthian initiative; it was not the result of any general Peloponnesian defensive necessity.

The denial of offers turned out to Causes of the peloponnesian war essays a major mistake to the Corinthians.

Causes Of the Peloponnesian War

The Corinthians were in agreement and paired up with Epidamnus to fight against Corcyra because Corinthians thought that Corcyra did not respect them as their sister-state and believed their actions did not conform to typical Ancient Greek lifestyles.

Although the Spartans continued to argue that the Athenians were at fault by refusing all concessions, they nevertheless felt uneasy about the possibility that the gods might punish them for refusing their sworn obligation. Works Cited Rhodes, P. At this time our allies came to us of their own accord and begged us to lead them.

A thirty years treaty was signed between Athens and Sparta in BC. If you will not do so, we shall have as our witnesses the gods who heard our oaths. Only direct military confrontation could break the treaty, and Athens was innocent of such confrontation.

He tells us right off the top that "Corinth was searching for means of retaliation". Thucydides is mistaken in his famous assertion that "[w]hat made war inevitable was the growth of Athenian power and the fear which this caused in Sparta".

On the eve of the war, Sparta had to be compelled into open warfare by Corinth over matters not really vital to Corinth, much less vital to Sparta. It was a racing game between city-states; city-states all around Greece were experiencing extreme povertyand preparing for war was the only way to accommodate their allies.

The Corcyraeans also claimed victory for maintaining two wins against the Corinthians. After experiencing a period of success, Epidamnus slowly lost power and reformed government from aristocratic to democratic; the democrats revoked any respect of previous aristocrats. Culpability for the Potidaean conflict is even more unambiguous —as is reflected in the amount of attention Thucydides gives Potidaea relative to that given Epidamnus.

Up till the present moment you, too, used to think that we were; but now, after calculating your own interest, you are beginning to talk in terms of right and wrong Epidamnus and the Corinthians declined their request.

During the exchange of offers and while the Corinthians were preparing to fight, Thucydides states that part of the army was in Epidamnus holding citizens there as prisoners.

What were the causes of the Peloponnesian War

Donald Kagan tells us that "[w]e may be sure The hearing in Athens between the Corinthians and the Corcyraeans was a major factor in the Peloponnesian War because Athens took the Corcyraeans side and put their own city at risk and in an unsettling position. During the Persian war in BC, Athens power had grown by leaps and bounds and with the help of its allies continued its attacks on the Persian territories of Ionia and Aegean.

After the war was over, Corcyraean fleets started to badger Corinthian cities and their allies by starting fires and disposing waste on their land. I am reproducing so large a piece of Thucydides because of its importance to my argument. It was the actual course of events which first compelled us to increase our power to its present extent: The dispute over the city of Corcyra Thucydides explains the next contributing factors for the cause of the Peloponnesian War was the dispute over the Corcyraeans.

Hence it is safe to say that the Megarian Decree, whatever it may have meant as a rallying point, did not cause the war. Peloponnesian War Essay Bartleby The damage done to farm buildings and equipment during the Spartan invasions of the Peloponnesian War made the situation worse until the Athenians could make repairs.

After the meeting, the Spartans asked everyone to leave so they could discussion the decision to move forward with the war in private.

Their already superior navy was enormously enhanced after the discovery in of silver at Laurium. Greek culture demanded the city stand firm in their agreement with a fellow ally. It was duplicitous of Corinth to claim that it was wrong for Corcyra and Athens to join in a legal and defensive alliance at the same time that Corinth was enlisting help from all over Hellas in the fight against Corcyra.

The dispute over Corcyra was a result of the dispute of the Epidamnus and leads to the dispute of the Potidaea. Corcyra, which "had no allies in Hellas", was left with no choice but to give up power in its own neighborhood or to seek help from the only possible source, Athens.

After watching each other for an entire summer, both sides retreated.the causes of the war (in Acharnians,and Peace, ) suggests that Athens has had to endure the miseries of the war because Pericles was obstinate over Megara5.

Jan 31,  · Discuss The Causes And Origins Of The Peloponnesian War. causes and origins of the Peloponnesian War. The Peloponnesian War was a long and brutal affair involving Sparta and its allies and the Athenian empire.

The Peloponnesian War - In ancient Greek history, we are able to find and learn about many important wars that took place. Arguably, one of the most devastating and important wars in Greek history was the Peloponnesian War. For much of the period prior to the Peloponnesian War Sparta was the premiere military force in Greece.

Sparta's society was a year old stratified, militaristic system that bread men for war. Sparta's military was the envy of the Greek world and its hoplite army the model of efficiency.

The Peloponnesian War was a conflict in ancient Greece that redefined the structure of power in the Greek-speaking world. This sample essay explores Thucydides' work "The Histories", which is considered to be one of the first uses of scientific historical studying practices of which there are records.

Thucydides' views about the Peloponnesian War5/5(1). The Peloponnesian War changed Greece in every way. Nothing was the same after the war and Athens was never to be as powerful. The causes of the war, are that the Athenian Empire upset the balance of power in the Greek world.

Causes of the peloponnesian war essays
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