They seem also to have been scheduled around other important events, such as religious festivals. This extended not only in theory, but in reality, the governance of Athens to all its citizens.
To some extent the Athenian reliance on sea power helped the course of democracy.
Ten strategoi were elected, one for each tribe. The main reason for its success was the quality of the citizens. He introduced a new division of the population of Athens into ten tribal groups.
They had a wide range of powers including declaring war, appointing generals, and deciding troop strengths and the amount of naval boats to be committed to a battle. A unique feature of the Athenian democracy was the use of a lottery system to appoint nearly all public officials.
Popular commanders, like Pericles, were elected year after year. An archon was chosen by lot and served only a one-year term. Appointment by lot and short terms of office allowed most Athenians to participate in their government sometime in their lives.
This laid the foundation upon which the Athenians developed a democracy. This extended the representation and voting rights to most all male citizens in Athens.
The position of archon was nearly identical at first to a king. On the next day when Pittalacus was in the marketplace, his attackers came up to him and tried to assuage him; they were afraid that their crime would be published to the whole city, since there was to be an Assembly that day Aeschin.
The poorest had no representation in the government, but they also did not have to pay any taxes. They ruled for life and had to be from a royal family. Each would elect by lot fifty representatives to the Assembly.
The Areopagus was a council of former archons that acted as a supreme court and had general oversight of laws and government. It seems likely that in the 5th century only the Sovereign Assemblies were regularly scheduled, because Thucydides mentions a period of 40 days in the year in which there was no Assembly Thuc.
Democracy came about in Athens as a result of the growing navel power and the reforms made by leaders such as Cleisthenes and Pericles. He developed a council of chosen from all but the poorest groups of Athenians. It also limited the ability of a person or group to gain too much power.
The Athenian government was a direct democracy. When Athens became a full democracy, the position of archon became more ceremonial than political. Read about the evidence Aeschines Aeschin.
Both ancient and modern democratic experiments have shown that the will of the people sometimes is undeceive, changing to and fro with every rhetorical wind that blows. Aeschines recounts how on one occasion some men assaulted a man named Pittalacus. The assembly granted citizenship, decided on foreign policy, and spent money on public projects.
The council had members chosen by lot, fifty from each of the ten tribal groups.The Development of Democracy in Greece. war and the politics of other city-states destroyed democracy in Athens.
Those who exerted power as part of a ruling class were not willing to give up. An Analysis of the Athenian Democracy in Ancient Greece.
1, words. An Analysis of the World History and a Question on Athens' Democracy in Political Sense. words. 1 page.
An Analysis of the Government in Ancient Greece. words. 1 page. A Look at the Political System of Ancient Athens.
Development of Democracy in Athens. The change from monarchy to democracy in Athens was a slow process. In B.C. the last king of Athens was replaced by an archon (a chief magistrate).
Development of Democracy in Athens Democracy first appeared in Athens towards the beginning of the fifth century B.C.
The biggest difference between Athenian democracy and almost all other democracies is that the Athenian version was a direct democracy rather than being representative. Athens in the 5th to 4th century BCE had an extraordinary system of government: democracy.
Under this system, all male citizens had equal political rights, freedom of speech, and the opportunity to participate directly in the political arena.
Democracy Democracy in Athens was a direct democracy.
In a direct democracy the people decide on the policy initiatives directly. The major decisions of the state were made by general assemblies in which all citizens could participate.Download